Rare Fruits Series III
Malaysia possesses a rich diversity of tropical fruits. Besides the commercial fruits, there are many other fruit species which are grouped under rare fruits. Many of the rare fruit species have great potential hut they are under exploited. The production of rare fruits is rather limited due to low number of trees available for each species. However, some of the potential rare fruits are sold at night markets, 'pekan sehari' or along the roadsides. Most of the rare fruits are seasonal, but there are also species that are non-seasonal, producing fruits throughout the year.
They provide nutritional benefits and some of these species have unique medicinal value. Furthermore, due to its rarity, it provides good source of income.
These rare fruits are usually grown in home gardens or orchards. Among the fruits that can be found in home gardens are Cermai, Ceri Terengganu, and Durian Nyekak. Jentik-Jentik grows in the wild and can be Sound in forests. Beruas is now being planted as landscaping trees in gardens or pathways.
Considered as treasures of the forests, it is important to cultivate the public’s awareness on the value and importance of these rare fruit species as well as ensure that effective conservation and sustainable utilization of the diversity is undertaken so that the future generation is able to appreciate their uniqueness and specialty.
Terap Bulu (Artocarpus Sericicarpus) 30 sen Stamp
Terap Bulu is famous in Sarawak. The fruit is large, weighing between 450 gm – 800 gm and resembles that of nangka or cempedak. The fruit is oval and slightly orange in colour with rather strong odour. The whole fruit is covered with long, coarse hair and when ripe the fruit is soft and can be easily opened while the flesh and stalk can be easily pulled from the skin. The flesh, consisting of many small segments is white, soft, sweet, juicy and fragrant. The seed can be eaten boiled or by frying them without oil.
Cermai (Phyllanthus Acidus) 50 sen Stamp
The small sized tree bears fruits in bunches from the branch or stalks and are non-seasonal. The fruit is small, measuring about 2 cm in width and 1.5 cm in length. When ripe, the fruit is yellow, translucent and shiny. The fruit is round and slightly flattened and the surface of the fruit has 6 to 8 lobes while the flesh is usually sour in taste with stony seed. Besides eaten fresh, the fruit can be pickled, made into dried candy and used in rojak mixture.
Beruas (Garcinia Hombroniana) RM1 Stamp
The shape of the Beruas tree and its leaves very much resemble that of the mangosteen trees. The flowers are scented and blooms at the end of the branch in clusters of 6 to 8 blooms / flowers. The fruits are 4 cm to 5 cm in width and round shaped with pointed tips attached with the stigma. The skin is dark, red and shiny while the thin flesh consists of 8 to 10 segments and is white in colour as well as sour in taste. The tree can be used as a beautiful landscape plant.
Ceri Terengganu (Lepisanthes Alata) RM1 Miniature Sheet
The tree is non-seasonal and produces fruits throughout the year. The fruits are arranged closely and attractively in a big bunch or cluster, of which each bunch consists of about 20 fruits. The fruits about 2 cm to 2 cm in width are dark red and shiny and round with pointed tip. Each fruit contains 1 to 3 seeds and its flesh is soft and tastes fairly sweet. The tree is small but can reach medium height. Its canopy spreads out and the purplish colour of the young leaves adds to the attractiveness of the tree. Due to this, Ceri Terengganu is usually planted for landscaping purposes.
Jentik Jentik (Baccaurea Polyneura) RM1 Miniature Sheet
The trees are large , reaching up to more than 30 m in height a=while the fruits are borne in large and long clusters, hanging down from the branches. A bunch contains up to 10 to 20 fruits that are small in size with 2 cm in width and 2.5 cm in length and are orange in colour. The skin is hard and brittle and is easily broken when click with fingers. The flesh, consisting of 1 to 3 segments is shiny and dark orange in colour and taste sweet and acidic. The tree is seasonal, produce flowers and fruits only once a year.
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